Alopecia, the disease of abnormal hair loss
Alopecia is a disease that is apparently not harmful for health, which, however, poses a challenge that we need to face.
The abnormal loss of hair is called alopecia.
The term "alopecia" was described by the French dermatologist Raymond J. Adrien Sabouraud (Nantes, 1864 - Paris, 1938) and is derived from the Greek word "alopex" (fox), due to the fact that this animal changes the skin two times per year.
Alopecia can affect the scalp and also the other areas of the skin where there is hair, such as the beard, eyelashes, armpits, and the eyebrows.
The indexes indicate the prevalence of the disease in the complete population at 1.7% and the disease affects both men and women. Around 25% of the cases confirm that they have relatives with the illness.
The most common types of alopecia are the following:
Androgenic Alopecia or the "male baldness pattern": This type is responsible for 95% of the cases and affects men in particular. It is triggered by the activation of male hormones in the follicles.
Alopecia Areata: hair is lost in irregular, generally round patches. It mainly affects the scalp and the beard. However, it can occur in any part of the body with hair.
Alopecia Total: It is the total loss of all the hair on the head.
Scarring Alopecia: It is when there is damage, malformation or destruction of the hair follicles and when this is irreversible.
Alopecia through Traction: It is due to an excessive tension on the hair resulting from certain hair styles.
Alopecia Barbae: It specifically affects the beard.
Alopecia Mucinosa: It is produced due to the accumulation of mucinous material on hair follicles and sebaceous glands, producing inflammation and a decrease in the ability of the affected follicles to produce hair.
Alopecia Universal: It means a fast loss of all hair, including the eyebrows and the eyelashes. This can be acute or of a short duration while it also can be permanent.
There is a possibility that the hair could grow again. However, it cannot be predicted when this could happen.
We will continue to provide information regarding each type of alopecia in the next entries.
Scalp micropigmentation is a solution for different types of alopecia.